Trees and shrubs collection of Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute

  • Oxana Goncharova Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8881-8522
  • Irina Lipponen Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute
  • Elena Poloskova Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute
  • Olesya Zotova Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute
Keywords: Arctic Circle Introduction of plants trees and shrubs botanic garden

Abstract

Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute (PABGI) is the northernmost in Russia (67о38'N.) and one of the few botanical gardens in the world inside the Arctic Circle. It has a unique collection of live plants, extensive herbarium funds. The article contains a list of the introduced woody plants in the PABSI collection fund. In 2018, the collection funds of woody plants included 27 families, 57 genera, 271 species, 21 subspecies, 14 species, 17 forms, 22 varieties and 22 hybrids.

For the overwhelming majority of tree species introduced in PABGI, the presence of flowering / pollination and fruiting / seed production phases of different regularity is characteristic. The collection has 2 species included in the Russian Federation Red List. In the regional Red Lists of Russia there are 232 samples of 78 taxa of woody plants introduced in the PABGI. According to the list of rare species of IUCN, 298 samples of 106 taxa of woody plants have one particular international protection category or another.

 

Author Biographies

Oxana Goncharova, Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute

Senior Researcher

Irina Lipponen, Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute

Leading Engineer

Elena Poloskova, Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute

Deputy Director for Research

Olesya Zotova, Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden and Institute

Junior Researcher

References

Acosta Ramos Z., De la Caridad Gallardo Cruz A., Martínez A.J. (2019) Especies arbóreas del Jardín Botánico de Pinar del Río y sus potencialidades de uso. Revista Cubana de Ciencias Forestales. 7 (1): 111-124
Alexandrova M.S., Bulygin NE, Voroshilov V.N. (1975) Technique of phenological observations in the botanical gardens of the USSR. M.: Publisher Main Botanical Garden USSR
Borodina N.A. (1965) Methods of phenological observations of plants in the family Pinaceae. Bulletin of the Main Botanical Garden USSR. 57: 11-19
Bulygin N.E. (1974) Dendrology. Phenological observation of coniferous breeds. Manual for students of silvicultural faculty. Forest Technical Academy, Leningrad, USSR
Bulygin N.E. (1976) Phenological observation of deciduous woody plants. Manual for educational research. Forest Technical Academy, Leningrad, USSR
Cannon C.H., Kua C.-S. (2017) Botanic gardens should lead the way to create a "Garden Earth" in the Anthropocene. Plant Diversity 39 (6): 331-337. doi:10.1016/j.pld.2017.11.003.
Dosmann M.S. (2006) Research in the garden: Averring the collections crisis. The Botanical Rewiew 3 (72): 207-234. doi:10.1663/0006- 101(2006)72[207:RITGAT]2.0.CO;2.
Ensslin A., Godefroid S. (2019) How the cultivation of wild plants in botanic gardens can change their genetic and phenotypic status and what this means for their conservation value. Sibbaldia 17: 51-71
Goncharova O.A. (2018) The collection of woody plants of the open ground in the Polar Alpine Botanical Garden Institute. Hortus Botanicus 13: 304-312
doi:10.15393/j4.art.2018.5124. URL: http://hb.karelia.ru/journal/article.php?id=5124
Heywood V.H. (2017) The future of plant conservation and the role of botanic gardens. Plant Diversity 39 (6): 309-313. doi:10.1016/j.pld.2017.12.002.
Kaper V.G. (1930) On the organization of annual systematic observations of the fruit tree species. In: Works on forest experimental work (8). Publisher State Institute of Forestry, Leningrad, USSR, pp. 103-139.
Kuzevanov V.Ya., Sizykh S.V., Gubiy E.V. (2010) Economic and environmental problems in a changing world: Botanical gardens as ecological resources in the global system of social coordinates. Publishing house NPK "GROWTH", Saint Petersburg, pp. 158-167.
Newton A., Oldfield S., Rivers M., Mark J., Schatz G., Garavito N., Miles L. (2015) Towards a Global Tree Assessment. Oryx 49 (3): 410-415. doi:10.1017/S0030605315000137.
O'Donnell K., Sharrock S. (2017) The contribution of botanic gardens to ex situ conservation through seed banking. Plant Diversity 39 (6): 365-372. doi:10.1016/j.pld.2017.11.006.
Oldfield S.F. (2009) Botanic gardens and the conservation of tree species. Trends in Plant Science 14 (11): 581-583. doi:10.1016/j.tplants.2009.08.013.
Primack R.B., Miller-Rushing A.J. (2009) The role of botanical gardens in climate change research. New Phytologist 182: 303–313. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02800.x.
U.S. National Plant Germplasm System. Available online: npgsweb.ars-grin.gov (accessed February 2019)
Plantarium: open on-line atlas and key to plants and lichens of Russia and neighbouring countries. 2007-2019. available online: www.plantarium.ru/ (accessed February 2019).
The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Available online: www.iucnredlist.org/search (accessed February 2019).
The Plant List (2013). Version 1.1. Available online: www.theplantlist.org/ (accessed February 2019).
Published
2021-02-02
How to Cite
Goncharova, O., Lipponen, I., Poloskova, E., & Zotova, O. (2021). Trees and shrubs collection of Polar-Alpine Botanical Garden-Institute. Sibbaldia: The International Journal of Botanic Garden Horticulture, (19). https://doi.org/10.24823/Sibbaldia.2020.304