THE FLORA MALESIANA ACCOUNT OF GRAMMITID FERNS (POLYPODIACEAE): A PROGRESS REPORT WITH AN ILLUSTRATED SYNOPTIC KEY TO MALESIAN GENERA

Barbara S Parris

Abstract


Fourteen genera and approximately 373 species of grammitid ferns (formerly Grammitidaceae, now Polypodiaceae) occur in Malesia. The Flora Malesiana account of the group is 75% complete (280 species). The genera are illustrated and briefly described. Current studies involve working through species that have long been herbarium dumping grounds containing numerous undescribed species, such as Calymmodon cucullatus (Nees & Blume) C.Presl, Prosaptia contigua (G.Forst.) C.Presl, Radiogrammitis hirtella (Blume) Parris (as Grammitis hirtella) and Tomophyllum subfalcatum (Blume) Parris (as Ctenopteris subfalcata).

Full Text:

PDF

References


BISHOP, L.E. (1978). Revision of the genus Cochlidium (Grammitidaceae). American Fern Journal, 68: 76–94.

COPELAND, E.B. (1917). New species and a new genus of Borneo ferns, chiefly from the Kinabalu collections of Mrs. Clemens and Mr. Topping. Philippine Journal of Science. C: Botany, 12: 45–65.

HOLTTUM, R.E. (1968). A Revised Flora of Malaya vol. 2 (2nd edn). Government Printing Office, Singapore, pp. 212–236.

HOLTTUM, R.E. (1982). Thelypteridaceae. Flora Malesiana, ser. II, vol. 1(5): 331–599.

KATO, M. & PARRIS, B.S. (1992). Taxonomic studies of pteridophytes of Ambon and Seram (Moluccas) collected by Indonesian-Japanese botanical expeditions. VII: Grammitidaceae. Journal of the Faculty of Science, University of Tokyo, 3(15): 111–133.

PARRIS, B.S. (1990). Grammitidaceae. In: KRAMER, K.U. & GREEN, P.S. (eds), The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants vol. 1. Springer-Verlag, Berlin & Heidelberg, pp. 153–157.

PARRIS, B.S. (1997). Themelium, a new genus of Grammitidaceae (Filicales). Kew Bulletin, 52: 737–741.

PARRIS, B.S. (1998). Chrysogrammitis, a new genus of Grammitidaceae (Filicales). Kew Bulletin, 53: 909–918.

PARRIS, B.S. (2003). The distribution of Grammitidaceae (Filicales) inside and outside Malesia. Telopea, 10: 451–466.

PARRIS, B.S. (2007). Five new genera and three new species of Grammitidaceae (Filicales) and the re-establishment of Oreogrammitis. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore, 58: 233–274.

PARRIS, B.S. (2013). Archigrammitis, a new genus of grammitid ferns (Polypodiaceae). The Fern Gazette, 19: 135–138.

PARRIS, B.S., BEAMAN, R.S. & BEAMAN, J.H. (1992). The Plants of Mount Kinabalu 1. Ferns and Fern Allies. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, pp. 61–77.

PERRIE, L.R. & PARRIS, B.S. (2012). Chloroplast DNA sequences indicate the grammitid ferns (Polypodiaceae) in New Zealand belong to a single clade, Notogrammitis gen. nov. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 50: 457–472.

PPG 1 (2016). A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 54(6): 563–603.

PRICE, M.G. (1982). The ferns of Steere and Harrington. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 15: 197–204.

PRICE, M.G. (1987). Sabah Ferns collected by John H. Beaman. Contributions from the University of Michigan Herbarium, 16: 189–200.

RANKER, T.A., SMITH, A.R., PARRIS, B.S., GEIGER, J.M.O., HAUFLER, C.H., STRAUB, S.C.K. & SCHNEIDER, H. (2004). Phylogeny and evolution of grammitid ferns (Grammitidaceae): a case of rampant morphological homoplasy. Taxon, 53: 415–428.

SCHNEIDER, H., SMITH, A.R., CRANFILL, R., HILDEBRAND, T.J., HAUFLER, C.H. & RANKER, T.A. (2004). Unravelling the phylogeny of polygrammoid ferns (Polypodiaceae and Grammitidaceae): exploring aspects of the diversification of epiphytic plants. Molecular and Phylogenetic Evolution, 31: 1041–1063.

SUNDUE, M.A. (2010). A morphological cladistic analysis of Terpsichore (Polypodiaceae). Systematic Botany, 35: 716–729.

SUNDUE, M.A., PARRIS, B.S., RANKER, T.A., SMITH, A.R., FUJIMOTO, E.L.,

ZAMORA-CROSBY, D., MORDEN, C.W., CHIOU, W.L., CHEN, C.W., ROUHAN, G., HIRAI, R.Y. & PRADO, J. (2014). Global phylogeny and biogeography of grammitid ferns (Polypodiaceae). Molecular and Phylogenetic Evolution, 81: 195–206.

WILSON, K.A. (1959). Sporangia of the fern genera allied with Polypodium and Vittaria. Contributions from the Gray Herbarium of Harvard University, 185: 97–127.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2018 Barbara S Parris

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.