The National Botanic Garden of Nepal




The National Botanic Garden of Nepal (NBG) lies 16km south of Kathmandu, at the base of Phulchowki, the highest mountain in the Kathmandu Valley. It was inaugurated in 1962 by King Mahendra and since that time the collections have developed, many of them into named areas and groupings. The year 2016 was the bicentenary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between Nepal and Great Britain, and this was marked in the NBG with the development of a Biodiversity Education Garden. This was created in collaboration with the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (RBGE), and the occasion signified a revitalisation of collaborative relations between the NBG and British botanic gardens which started in the early 1960s with the appointment to NBG of British horticulturists Geoffrey Herklots and, later, Tony Schilling. The history of the garden, its layout and collections, and the activities and outcomes of the recent collaborations are described and illustrated with colour photographs.

Author Biographies

Kate Hughes, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh

Horticultural Project Officer

Dipak Lamichhane, National Botanic Garden Nepal

Garden Officer


BIODIVERSITY EDUCATION GARDEN (2016). Available online: (accessed February 2017)

HOLTTUM, R.E. (1986). Obituary Dr G.A.C. Herklots CBE VMH. The Orchid Review, 94(1112), 197

MANANDAR, N.P. (2002). Plants and People of Nepal. Timber Press, Portland, OR.

MORRIS, L. & COHEN, L. (2010). The development of the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh ‘Certificate in Practical Horticulture’. Sibbaldia, 8, 165–178. Available online:

POLUNIN, O. & STAINTON, A. (2014). Flowers of the Himalaya. Oxford University Press, New Delhi

PRESS, J.R., SHRESTHA, K.K. & SUTTON, D.A. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal. Natural History Museum, London. Also available online as: Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal (2016), (accessed February 2017)

RBGE (2014). Flora of Nepal. Available online: (accessed January 2017)

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SCHILLING, A.D. (1968). Royal Botanic Gardens, Nepal. Gardeners Chronicle, 64(8), 12–14

SHARMA, I. (2003). Royal Botanical Gardens Godavari. IUCN – The World Conservation Union, Kathmandu, Nepal




How to Cite

Hughes, K., & Lamichhane, D. (2017). The National Botanic Garden of Nepal. Sibbaldia: The International Journal of Botanic Garden Horticulture, (15), 9–30.





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